Study for the U.S. Citizenship Test
Look here for words you need to know to read the study guides.
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to approve; to make an agreement official.
Example: Amendments to the Constitution must be ratified by state legislatures.
a group of people who live in the same area and whose families are often related. They share the same language, culture, and history.
Example: The Sioux are an American Indian tribe who live in Minnesota and speak the Dakota language.
a period of time.
In government, a term is how long an elected official keeps his or her job before the next election.
Example: The President is elected to a 4-year term. Each President can only serve two terms.
a person who is competing to be elected to a government office.
Example: There are two major candidates for President: Barack Obama and John McCain.
to choose (a candidate) by voting.
Example: In November of 2008, we will elect a new President.
the leader of a state government's executive branch. Just as the country has one President, each state has one Governor.
at the present time (now), or the most recent.
Example: The current Governor of Minnesota is Tim Pawlenty. (He is Governor now.)
a member of the House of Representatives (one of two parts of the U.S. Congress). There are 435 Representatives in the House.
More generally, someone who speaks for a group of people.
a member of the Senate (one of the two parts of the U.S. Congress).
There are 100 Senators.
1) an area of land, as in the District of Columbia, where the capital city of Washington is located.
2) an area of a state. Each district has one representative in the House of Representatives.
Example: The Representative from Minnesota's 4th district is Betty McCollum.